PSR - Survey Research Unit: Poll No. 43 - Full Analysis


PSR poll No. 43 - full analysis

03 April, 2012

 

Palestinian Public Opinion Poll No (43)

 

With a majority objecting to return to negotiations without an Israeli acceptance of Palestinian conditions, and while a majority reaches the conclusion that the two state solution is no longer viable, domestic conditions - such as the financial crisis, the electricity crisis, and the failure of reconciliation - contribute to internal frustration and weaken the standing of PA leadership and all Palestinian factions

15-17 March 2012

 

 

Table of Contents:

 

These are the results of the latest poll conducted by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR) in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip between 15-17 March 2012. This poll was conducted immediately after a ceasefire went into effect in the Gaza Strip after more than 20 people were killed in Israeli missile attacks that came in response to rocket attacks launched from Gaza by resistance forces in retaliation for an Israeli assassination of the top commander of the Popular Resistance Committees. The period preceding the poll also witnessed talks by the Fayyad government about increasing taxes. It also witnessed the signing of the Doha agreement between Khalid Mish'al and Mahmud Abbas for the formation of a reconciliation government to be headed by Abbas. Ismail Haniyeh declared from Cairo his support for the Syrian revolt in what seemed to be the first statement by a Hamas leader on the subject. Security conditions in the West Bank somewhat deteriorated as a result of settlers' attacks or due to Israeli measures, such as setting more checkpoints, that came in response to the escalation in the Gaza Strip.This poll covers Palestinian attitudes regarding the PA financial crisis, the Doha Agreement, the performance of the governments of Salam Fayyad and Ismail Haniyeh, the internal balance of power between Fateh and Hamas, and the views of the public on the most vital Palestinian goals and the main problems Palestinians confront today. Total size of the sample is 1270 adults interviewed face to face in 127 randomly selected locations. Margin of error is 3%.

 

For further details, contact PSR director, Dr. Khalil Shikaki, or Walid Ladadweh at tel 02-296 4933 or email pcpsr@pcpsr.org.

 

Main Findings:

 

The first quarter of 2012 brings bad news to the governments of Fayyad and Haniyeh, to Fateh and Hamas, and to president Abbas. Findings show a significant drop in the positive evaluation of the performance of the Fayyad government, particularly in the West Bank. The drop is probably due to anticipated fallout from the PA's financial crisis and in response to government talk about a tax increase and/or a reduction in the size of the public sector, two measures clearly rejected, as findings show, by a majority of respondents. The financial crisis, the slowdown in the UN bid, and pessimism about the chances for reconciliation might also be some of the factors behind the decline in the popularity of Fateh and the dissatisfaction with Abbas, especially in the West Bank.

Findings also indicate a significant decline in the popularity of Hamas in the Gaza Strip and a decrease in the positive evaluation of the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip, probably due to Hamas' behavior, standing on the sideline, during Gaza's rocket war with Israel and due to the prevailing pessimism about the chances for reconciliation, particularly given the outspoken criticism of the Doha agreement by some of Hamas' Gaza leaders at a time when the agreement receives massive public support from all sectors of the public. Perhaps the only positive sign for Hamas is the significant increase in the popularity of Ismail Haniyeh in the West Bank, which might have come as a result of his visibility lately during his travels to Arab and Islamic countries and as a result of his public support for the popular revolt in Syria, a revolt that receives the overwhelming support of the Palestinian public. It is worth noting in this context that a majority of the public does not believe that Hamas supports the Syrian revolt or simply does not know Hamas' real position regarding that revolt.

 

Findings also show that a majority of the public is opposed to the resumption of exploratory talks with Israel and almost half of the Palestinians believe that Abbas made a mistake by taking part few months ago in such talks in Amman. When asked about the viability of the two-state solution, a clear majority expressed the belief that settlement expansion has made such a solution unworkable. But when asked about abandoning it in favor of a one state solution, a clear majority opposed such a shift.

 

(1) PA's Financial Crisis:

  • To solve PA's financial crisis, 29% support forcing early retirement in the public sector, 9% support increasing income tax, 11% support both adopting both measures, and 48% oppose both solutions.
  • In searching for alternative solutions to the financial crisis, 52% support returning to peace negotiations as the means to obtain international financial support while 27% support dissolving the PA.
  • A majority of 60% believe that the PA is capable of surviving for a period between 3 to 10 years or longer

 

We asked the public about its view on how to deal with the financial crisis facing the PA, a crisis that might constrain its ability to pay salaries: 48% opposed solving PA's financial deficit by increasing taxes or forcing some public sector employees to take early retirement. Only 9% came in favor of a tax increase and 29% came in favor of the early retirement solution. 11% favored adopting options, the tax increase and the early retirement.Support for early retirementincreases among holders of BA degree (35%) compared to illiterates (14%), among farmers and students (56% and 35% respectively) compared to retirees and housewives (12% and 25% respectively), and among Hamas supporters (34%) compared to Fateh supporters (28%).

 

When we asked the public for alternative solutions to the financial crisis, other than the tax increase and the early retirement, a majority of 52% selected the option of returning to negotiations with Israel in order to obtain greater international financial support while 27% selected the option of dissolving the PA altogether. 21% selected various other options or could not come up with any. It is worth noting that about half of those who favor return to negotiations oppose unconditional return that does not insure an Israeli settlement freeze and an acceptance of the 1967 borders.Support for dissolving the PA increases among the youth between the ages of 18-28 (31%) compared to those over the age of 50 (20%), among graduates of colleges (31%) compared to illiterates and those with elementary education (7% and 21% respectively), among those who oppose the peace process (46%) compared to those who support the peace process (22%), among those who work in the private sector (30%) compared to those who work in the public sector (25%), among supporters of Hamas (38%) compared to supporters of Fateh (17%).

 

When we asked the public about its expectations regarding the ability of the PA to survive for long given the current financial crisis, the continuation of occupation and settlement construction, and the suspension of peace negotiations, about one third (34%) said it can survive for ten or more years, 26% said it can survive for three to ten years, 14% said it can survive for a year or two, and 16% said it can survive for a year or less.

 

(2) The Doha Agreement and Reconciliation:

  • 84% support and 12% oppose the Doha Agreement, but only 46% believe that reconciliation will succeed and 49% believe it will not succeed.
  • 62% want the reconciliation government, when established, to follow the peace policies of Abbas and 20% want it to follow Hamas' policies regarding the peace process.
  • A majority of 57% expects international sanctions and suspension of financial aid to follow the formation of the reconciliation government.
  • 69% welcome the Qatari role in reconciliation and other internal Palestinian matters.

 

An overwhelming majority of 84% supports the Doha Agreement signed by Mahmud Abbas and Khalid Mish'al and calling for the formation of a reconciliation government to be headed by Abbas and to be tasked with conducting elections and starting Gaza reconstruction. 12% oppose the agreement.Findings show that 93% of Fateh supporters and 81% of Hamas supporters are in favor of the Doha Agreement. But the public is split over the chances for reconciliation in the aftermath of the Doha Agreement with 46% expecting the two sides to succeed in implementing the agreement and 49% expecting them to fail. Worse yet, only 16% believe that a reconciliation government will be formed within weeks while 46% believe it will be formed after a long time and 31% believe that it will never be formed. Moreover, only 30% believe that Gaza and West Bank parliamentary and presidential elections will take place as scheduled in May or a little after that, 57% believe they will not take place, and 13% do not know. It is worth mentioning that three months ago 43% believed that elections will indeed take place on schedule or a little after that.Optimism about the chances for reconciliation increases among women (51%) compared to men (40%), among illiterates (55%) compared to those who hold a BA degree (43%), among the religious (51%) compared to the somewhat religious (42%), among supporters of the peace process (49%) compared to those who oppose the peace process (38%), among farmers and housewives (62% and 51% respectively) compared to business men, professionals and employees (33%, 33%, and 41% respectively), and among supporters of Fateh and Hamas (51% and 48%) compared to supporters of third parties and those who do not intend to participate in new elections (33% and 40% respectively).

 

If a reconciliation government, headed by Abbas, is established, 57% expect, and 35% do not expect, the return of international boycott, financial sanctions and aid cuts.Perhaps this is why a majority of 62% believe that a new reconciliation government should abide by the peace policy of Abbas and the PLO while only 20% believe it should abide by the peace policy of Hamas. Belief that a new reconciliation agreement should follow the peace policies of Abbas and the PLO increases among men (67%) compared to women (57%), among graduates of colleges and holders of BA degree (66% and 64% respectively) compared to illiterates (42%), among those who define themselves as somewhat religious (67%) compared to the religious (54%), among supporters of the peace process (69%) compared to those who are opposed to the peace process (46%), among farmers and professionals (75% and 70% respectively) compared to housewives (55%), and among supporters of Fateh (91%) compared to supporters of Hamas (29%).

 

Half of the public (49%) believes that internal disagreements between Hamas leaders regarding the Doha agreement and the appointment of Abbas as prime minister for the reconciliation government are major and fundamental disagreements while 43% believe they are minor and marginal. In the context of the role played by Qatar in facilitating the Doha Agreement, a large majority of 69% welcomes, and 27% do not welcome, a Qatari role in Palestinian affairs.†† Findings also show that if parliamentary and presidential elections were to take place now, 40% expect Fateh to win and 23% expect Hamas to win. The rest expects others to win or does not know.

 

(3) Domestic Conditions:

  • In the context of the rocket war in Gaza and southern Israel, positive evaluation of conditions in the West Bank drops from 47% to 31% and positive evaluation of conditions in the Gaza Strip drops from 26% to 13%.
  • Belief that corruption exists in the West Bank's PA institutions stands at 73% while belief that corruption exists in the institutions of the Gazan dismissed government stands at 62%.
  • Perception that press freedom exists in the West Bank stands at 66% and in the Gaza Strip at 50%.
  • Perception of safety and security drops in the Gaza Strip from 69% to 47% and in the West Bank from 59% to 51%.
  • Positive evaluation of the performance of the Haniyeh government drops from 41% to 36% and the Fayyad government from 44% to 34%.
  • Satisfaction with the performance of President Abbas drops in the West Bank from 67% three months ago to 60% today.

 

13% describe conditions in the Gaza Strip as good or very good and 70% describe them as bad or very bad. In our last poll, three months ago, 26% described conditions in the Gaza Strip as good or very good and 47% described them as bad or very bad. It seems clear that the rocket war between Israel and resistance groups, which took place just before the conduct of the poll, has been responsible for the decrease in the positive evaluation of conditions in the Gaza Strip. By contrast, 31% describe conditions in the West Bank as good or very good and 36% describe them as bad or very bad. Three months ago, positive evaluation of conditions in the West Bank stood at 47%.

73% say there is corruption in the PA institutions in the West Bank while only 62% say there is corruption in the institutions of the dismissed government in the Gaza Strip. These percentages are similar to those obtained three months ago. In the context of the recent step by the PA in the West Bank to submit corruption cases to courts, we asked the public if it thinks the PA is serious about fighting corruption: 53% said it was serious and 43% said it was not serious. Moreover, 66% of the public say there is, or there is to some extent, press freedom in the West Bank and 31% say there is no such freedom in the West Bank. By contrast, 50% say there is, or there is to some extent, press freedom in the Gaza Strip while 40% say there is no such freedom in the Gaza Strip. Findings also show that 30% of the public say people in the West Bank can criticize the authority in the West Bank without fear. By contrast, 22% of the public say people in the Gaza Strip can criticize the authorities in Gaza without fear.

 

Perception of safety and security deteriorates in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank due to the war in the Gaza Strip and due to the deterioration of security conditions in the West Bank. It stands today at 51% in the West Bank (compared to 59% three months ago) and 47% in the Gaza Strip (compared to 69% three months ago).

 

Positive evaluation of the performance of the Haniyeh government stands today at 36% and positive evaluation of the performance of the Fayyad government stands at 34%. These findings indicate a decline in the positive evaluation of the performance of the two governments compared to the situation three months ago when it stood at 41% for the Haniyeh government and 44% for the Fayyad government. The decline, in the case of the Hamas government, might be due to the position taken by Hamas during the recent war in the Gaza Strip. In the case of the Fayyad government, the decline might be attributed to the talk about increasing taxes and reducing public expenditure as means of dealing with the PA's financial crisis. It is worth noting in this context that the positive evaluation of the Fayyad government has declined considerably in the West Bank from 48% three months ago to 33% in this poll while the positive evaluation of the Hamas government declined in the Gaza Strip from 37% to 31% during the same period. Positive evaluation of the performance of the Hamas government is higher among residents of the West Bank (40%) compared to residents of the Gaza Strip (31%), among women (40%) compared to men (33%), among those over the age of 50 (40%) compare to youth between the ages of 18-28 (35%), among illiterates (43%) compared to holders of BA degree (33%), among those who define themselves as religious (45%) compared to the somewhat religious (31%), among those opposed to the peace process (55%) compared to those who support the peace process (32%), among housewives (40%) compared to students (26%), among those who do not use the internet or use it once or several times every week (40% and 39% respectively) compared to those who use it every day (27%), and among those who say they will vote for Hamas or those who have not decided to whom they will vote (78% and 42% respectively) compared to those who will vote for Fateh, third parties, and those who will not participate in future elections (19%, 29%, and 26% respectively).

 

By contrast, positive evaluation of the performance of the Fayyad government increases among men (38%) compared to women (31%), among residents of rural areas (39%) compared to residents of cities and refugee camps (33% and 34% respectively), among supporters of the peace process (42%) compared to those opposed to the peace process (18%), among farmers (71%) compared to laborers and housewives (30% and 31% respectively), among those employed in the public sector (39%) compared to those in the private sector (33%), and among supporters of Fateh (57%) compared to supporters of Hamas (21%).

 

Findings show that the percentage of Gazans who say they seek immigration to other countries stands at 45%; in the West Bank, the percentage stands at 22%. Three months ago, these figures stood at 43% and 24% respectively.

 

Percentage of satisfaction with the performance of President Abbas stands at 55% while 43% say they are dissatisfied with his performance. Three months ago, these figures stood at 60% and 38% respectively. Satisfaction with the performance of the president stands in this poll at 48% in the Gaza Strip and 60% in the West Bank. Three months ago, 67% of West Bankers were satisfied with the performance of the president. The decline in the West Bank might be due to the slowdown of the UN bid, a bid that had been responsible, three months ago, for the increase in public satisfaction with Abbas in the first place. It is also possible that the public is unhappy with Abbas for accepting to take part in the exploratory negotiations in Amman early in the year despite continued Israeli refusal to suspend settlement construction or accept the 1967 borders as a basis for negotiations. Satisfaction with the performance of Abbas is higher among men (58%) compared to women (52%), among those over the age of 50 (67%) compared to youth between the ages of 18-28 (51%), among residents of towns and villages (67%) compared to residents of cities (52%), among illiterates (71%) compared to college graduates (42%), among supporters of the peace process (64%) compared to those opposed to the peace process (29%), among farmers and retirees (84% and 70% respectively) compared to housewives and laborers (52% and 53%), and among supporters of Fateh (87%) compared to supporters of Hamas (26%).

 

(4) Presidency and Legislative Elections:

  • If new presidential elections are to be held today, Abbas would receive 54% and Haniyeh 42%.
  • If the competition was between MarwanBarghouti and Ismail Haniyeh, the first receives 64% and the second 32%
  • If new legislative elections are to be held today, Fateh would receive 42%, Hamas 27%, all other electoral lists 10%, and 20% remain undecided.
  • The strongest alternative Fateh candidate to Abbas is Marwan Barghouti and if Abbas and Marwan Barghouti did not participate in the elections, the strongest Fateh alternative is Saeb Erikat.

 

If new presidential elections are held today, and only two were nominated, Abbas would receive the vote of 54% and Haniyeh 42% of the vote of those participating. The rate of participation in such election would reach 61%. Three months ago, Abbas received the support of 55% and Haniyeh 37%. In the Gaza Strip, Abbas receives 55% and Haniyeh 40% and in the West Bank Abbas receives 53% and Haniyeh 42%. These results indicate a considerable increase in Haniyeh's popularity in the West Bank compared to the situation three months ago when he received only 33%. The increase in Haniyeh's popularity in the West Bank might be due to his visibility during his recent visits to Arab and Islamic countries and due to his support for the Syrian popular revolt. If the presidential elections were between Marwan Barghouti and Ismail Haniyeh, the former would receive 64% and the latter would receive 32% of the participantsí votes. The rate of participation in this case would reach 72%.

 

If new legislative elections are held today with the participation of all factions, 71% say they would participate in such elections. Of those who would participate, 27% say they would vote for Hamas and 42% say they would vote for Fateh, 10% would vote for all other third parties combined, and 20% are undecided. Vote for Hamas in the Gaza Strip stands in this poll at 27% indicating a significant decline of eight percentage points compared to the situation three months ago. This decline might reflect public dissatisfaction with Hamas' behavior during the recent war in the Gaza Strip. In the West Bank, vote for Hamas stands at 27% compared to 25% three months ago. Vote for Fateh in the Gaza Strip stands in this poll at 46% and in the West Bank at 40%. These results indicate a decline in Fateh's popularity in the West Bank by four percentage points, probably due to government talk about a tax increase and a reduction in expenditure.

 

In a question about the favored Fateh candidate to replace Abbas as a president, assuming Abbas would not run, a majority of 55% selected Marwan Barghouti, followed by Saeb Erekat, Nasir al Qidwa, andMahmud al Aloul (3% each).Abu Mahir Ghnaim and Ahmad Qurieí received 2% each, Azzam al Ahmad and Jibril al Rojoub received 1% each. When we asked the public to select a candidate from a list that did not include Marwan Barghouti, a large part of the vote went to Saeb Erikat (18%) followed by Nasir al Qidwa (9%), Mahmud al Aloul, Ahmad Qurie' and Abu Mahir Ghnaim (7% each), Azzam al Ahmad (5%), Jibril al Rojoub (4%), and finally Salim al Za'noun (2%).

 

(5) Most vital Palestinian goals and the main problems confronting Palestinians today:

  • 45% believes that the first most vital Palestinian goal should be to end Israeli occupation and build a state and 32% believe it should be to obtain the right of return
  • 28% believe the first problem confronting Palestinians today is poverty and unemployment while 25% think it is the continuation of Israeli occupation and 23% think it is the absence of national unity.

 

45% believes that the first most vital Palestinian goal should be to end Israeli occupation in the areas occupied in 1967 and build a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital. By contrast, 32% believe the first most vital goal should be to obtain the right of return of refugees to their 1948 towns and villages, 14% believe that it should be to build a pious or moral individual and a religious society, one that applies all Islamic teachings, and 8% believe that the first and most vital goal should be to establish a democratic political system that respects freedoms and rights of Palestinians. These findings reflect continued stalemate in the UN bid, a bid that pushed the statehood goal to 59% six months ago at the peak of the UN drive. This percentage dropped to 48% three months ago and dropped an additional three percentage points in this poll.

The most serious problem confronting Palestinian society today is the spread of poverty and unemployment in the eyes of 28% of the public while 25% believes the most serious problem is the continuation of occupation and settlement activities, 23% say it is the absence of national unity due to the West Bank-Gaza Strip split, 14% believe the most serious problem is corruption in some public institutions, and 9% believe it is the siege and the closure of the Gaza border crossings.

 

(6) The Syrian Popular Revolt and Hamas' and Hezbollah's attitudes:

  • 83% support the Syrian popular revolution against the Assad regime and 9% support the Assad regime.
  • 42% believe that Hamas supports the Syrian popular revolution and 27% believe Hezbollah supports the Syria revolution.
  • The public is divided over the issue of foreign intervention to topple the Assad regime: 50% oppose it and 46% support it.

 

Findings show that the overwhelming majority of the Palestinian public (83%) supports the Syrian demonstrators seeking to bring down the Syrian regime led by president Assad. Only 9% support the Assad regime. But only 42% of the public believe that Hamas supports the Syrian demonstrators while 23% believe the movement supports the Assad regime, 5% believe it supports both sides, 7% believe it supports neither side, and 24% say they do not know Hamas' position.With regard to Hezbollah's position on the Syrian revolt, only 27% of the public believe that it supports the Syrian demonstrators while 44% believe it supports the Assad regime, 4% believe it supports both sides, 3% believe it supports neither side, and 21% say they do not know Hezbollah's position. But Palestinian public support for the Syrian popular revolt does not necessarily mean it supports external military intervention to bring down the Assad regime: 50% oppose such intervention and 46% support it.

 

In the context of the Syrian revolt and the talk about the departure of Hamas leaders from Damascus, findings show that the largest percentage of the public (41%) wants Hamas to make the Gaza Strip the headquarter for its leadership while 19% selected other locations: 19% selected Doha, 17% selected Cairo, and 14% selected Amman.††

 

(7) Peace Process

  • 58% support and 35% oppose a return to exploratory talks with Israel without an Israeli commitment to freeze settlement construction and accept the lines of 1967 as a basis for negotiations.
  • 48% believe that Abbas' decision few months ago to take part in exploratory talks with Israel in Amman without a settlement freeze or acceptance of the 1967 lines as a basis for negotiations was a right decision and 43% believe it was a mistake.
  • Now after the suspension of peace negotiations, 76% support returning to the UNSC for recognition of a Palestinian state and 61% support launching a popular peaceful resistance. By contrast, only 40% support dissolving the PA, 39% support an armed intifada, and 29% support giving up the two-state solution in favor of a one-state solution.
  • 68% believe that the chances for the establishment of a Palestinian state alongside Israel in the next five years to be slim or non-existent while 31% believe the chances to be medium or high.
  • 58% believe that the two-state solution is no longer practical due to Israeli settlement expansion while 37% believe that the solution remains feasible as settlements can be dismantled after reaching an agreement.
  • 56% support and 42% oppose the Arab (Saudi) peace initiative and 55% oppose and 43% support mutual recognition of Israel as the state for the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinian people.
  • 76% are worried and 24% are not worried that they or members of their family will be hurt by Israelis or that their land will be confiscated or home demolished by Israel.
  • 57% believe that the hunger strike by Palestinian prisoner Khader Adnan will help speed up the process of closing the file on administrative detention and 39% do not believe that.
  • Arab revolts will have a positive impact on the Palestinian cause in the eyes of 51% and a negative impact in the eyes of 22%. 24% believe they will have no impact, positive or negative.

 

Findings show that 58% oppose and 35% support return to Palestinian-Israeli exploratory talks in the absence of a settlement freeze and an Israeli acceptance of the line of the 1967 as a basis for negotiation. Support for returning to the talks is higher in the West Bank (38%) compared to the Gaza Strip (31%), among women (40%) compared to men (31%), among the youth between the ages of 18-28 (40%) compared to those over 50 years of age (31%), among the illiterates (39%) compared to those with a BA degree (30%), among the somewhat religious (39%) compared to the religious (32%), among supporters of the peace process (43%) compared to those opposed to the peace process (22%), and among supporters of Fateh (45%) compared to supporters of Hamas (29%).

 

Findings also show that 43% believe that president Abbas made a mistake when he agreed few months ago to take part in exploratory talks with Israel in Amman without an Israeli commitment to freeze settlement construction and accept the line of the 1967 borders as a basis for negotiations. 48% believe Abbas' decision was the right one.Belief that Abbas made the right decision increases in the West Bank (52%) compared to the Gaza Strip (42%), among non refugees (52%) compared to refugees (45%), among residents of villages and towns (56%) compared to refugee camps and cities (44% and 47% respectively), among illiterates (53%) compared to holders of BA degree (45%), among those who define themselves as somewhat religious (54%) compared to the religious (41%), among supporters of the peace process (56%) compared to those opposed to the peace process (27%), among farmers (72%) compared to professionals, employees, and students (42%, 46%, and 46% respectively), and among supporters of Fateh (72%) compared to supporters of Hamas (31%).

 

Findings also show that a majority of the public supports two alternatives to negotiations and oppose three others. 76% support returning to the UN to gain recognition of a Palestinian state and 61% support launching a non violent campaign against Israeli occupation. On the other hand, only 40% support dissolving the PA, 39% support launching a new armed intifada, and 29% support abandoning the two-state solution in favor of a one-state solution.

 

Findings also show that 68% believe that the chances for the establishment of a Palestinian state in the next five years to be slim to non-existent while 31% believe the chances to be medium or high. Worse yet, 58% believe that the two-state solution is no longer practical due to expanded settlement construction while only 37% believe the two state solution remains viable because settlements can be dismantled or evacuated once an agreement is reached. Belief that the two-state solution is no longer practical increases among holders of BA degree (65%) compared to illiterates (46%), among those opposed to the peace process (72%) compared to supporters of the peace process (52%), and among supporters of Hamas (65%) compared to supporters of Fateh (45%).

 

Findings show that a majority of 56% supports and 42% oppose the Arab (or Saudi) peace initiative which calls for Arab recognition of Israel and for normalization of relations with it in return for its withdrawal from the occupied territories and the establishment of a Palestinian state. On the other hand, 55% oppose and 43% support recognition of Israel as the state for the Jewish people.

 

Findings also show that more than three quarters (76%) of the Palestinian public are worried that they or members of their family will be hurt by Israelis or that their land will be confiscated or home demolished. They also show that 67% believe that the hunger strike by administrative detainee Khader Adnan and the agreement reached to end that strike will contribute to speeding up the process of closing the file of administrative detention while 39% do not share this view. Finally, more than half of the Palestinians (51%) believe that Arab revolts will have a positive impact on the Palestinian cause while 22% believe that they will have a negative impact. 24% believe they will have no impact, positive or negative.

 

(8) An attack on Iran

  • 46% expect and 48% do not expect an Israeli military offensive against Iran in the coming months.
  • If Israel does carry out a military strike on Iran, 85% expect such an attack to lead to a major regional war.

 

Findings show that the Palestinians are divided regarding the assessment of an Israeli military strike against Iran: 46% believe Israel will indeed strike Iran in the coming months and 48% believe it will not. But findings show a semi consensus (85%) that such a strike, if it takes place, would trigger a major regional war and 11% do not expect that.

 

 

PSR Poll No. 43

15-17 March 2012

 

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

00 )

From among the following satellite news stations, which one you watched most during the last two months? 

1) Al Arabia

12.8%

7.9%

20.8%

 

2) Al Jazeera

46.2%

53.1%

34.7%

 

3) Al Hurra

0.8%

0.4%

1.3%

 

4) Al Manar

3.3%

4.0%

2.0%

 

5) Palestine TV

15.7%

16.6%

14.4%

 

6) Alaqsa

10.2%

5.1%

18.5%

 

7) Do not watch TV

5.9%

7.1%

3.9%

 

8) Others

4.9%

5.1%

4.5%

 

9) Do not have a dish

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

 

10) DK/NA

0.3%

0.5%

0.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

1)

In general, how would you describe conditions of the Palestinians in the Palestinian areas in Gaza Strip these days? 

1) Very good

1.7%

1.3%

2.5%

 

2) Good

11.0%

7.7%

16.5%

 

3) So so

15.5%

12.4%

20.6%

 

4) Bad

44.7%

52.2%

32.3%

 

5) Very bad

25.2%

23.4%

28.2%

 

6) DK/NA

1.8%

2.9%

0.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

In general, how would you describe conditions of the Palestinians in the Palestinian areas in the West Bank these days? 

2)

1) Very good

6.0%

2.4%

12.0%

 

2) Good

24.8%

21.0%

30.9%

 

3) So so

31.5%

33.0%

29.0%

 

4) Bad

24.8%

30.5%

15.5%

 

5) Very bad

11.2%

12.7%

8.8%

 

6) DK/NA

1.7%

0.3%

3.9%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

3)

Generally, do you see yourself as: 

1) Religious

44.8%

39.5%

53.6%

 

2) Somewhat religious

50.2%

56.4%

39.9%

 

3) Not religious

4.9%

4.1%

6.1%

 

4) DK/NA

0.2%

0.0%

0.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

4)

Generally, do you see yourself as:  

1) Supportive of the peace process

62.5%

64.8%

58.6%

 

2) Opposed to the peace process

19.9%

19.8%

20.0%

 

3) Between support and opposition

16.9%

14.8%

20.5%

 

4) DK/NA

0.7%

0.6%

0.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

5)

Do you think that there is corruption in PA institutions under the control of President Abu Mazin

1) Yes

72.9%

73.1%

72.6%

 

2) No

17.7%

15.8%

20.7%

 

3) DK-NA

9.4%

11.1%

6.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

6)

Do you think that there is corruption in PA institutions under the control of the dismissed government in the Gaza Strip 

1) Yes

61.6%

57.3%

68.7%

 

2) No

21.2%

19.3%

24.3%

 

3) DK-NA

17.2%

23.5%

7.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

7)

In your view, is there a press freedom in the West Bank?  

1) Yes

23.0%

23.3%

22.5%

 

2) To some extent

43.1%

40.0%

48.3%

 

3) No

30.6%

33.0%

26.7%

 

4) DK-NA

3.3%

3.7%

2.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

8)

In your view, is there a press freedom in the Gaza Strip?  

1) Yes

16.2%

16.5%

15.8%

 

2) To some extent

33.8%

30.9%

38.6%

 

3) No

40.4%

38.9%

43.0%

 

4) DK-NA

9.5%

13.7%

2.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

9)

In your view, can people in the West Bank today criticize the authority without fear? 

1) Yes

30.2%

33.7%

24.5%

 

2) No

66.0%

63.5%

70.0%

 

3) DK-NA

3.8%

2.8%

5.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

10)

In your view, can people in the Gaza Strip today criticize the authority without fear?

1) Yes

21.9%

25.2%

16.6%

 

2) No

67.5%

60.5%

78.9%

 

3) DK-NA

10.6%

14.3%

4.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

11)

Would you say that these days your security and safety, and that of your family, is assured or not assured? 

1) Completely assured

6.4%

3.2%

11.7%

 

2) Assured

43.2%

47.7%

35.7%

 

3) Not assured††

43.3%

45.9%

39.0%

 

4) Not assured at all

7.1%

3.2%

13.4%

 

5) DK/NA

0.1%

0.0%

0.2%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

12)

Do current political, security, and economic conditions lead you to seek emigration abroad?

1) Certainly seek to emigrate

11.5%

6.7%

19.3%

 

2) Seek emigration

19.0%

15.2%

25.3%

 

3) Do not seek emigration

36.5%

41.1%

28.9%

 

4) Certainly do not seek emigration

32.8%

37.0%

25.9%

 

5) DK/NA

0.3%

0.1%

0.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

13)

Tell us how do you evaluate the performance of the dismissed government of Ismail Haniyeh in the Gaza Strip? Is it good or bad? 

1) Very Good

8.2%

6.9%

10.5%

 

2) Good

28.1%

32.8%

20.3%

 

3) Neither good nor bad

28.6%

27.1%

31.0%

 

4) Bad

18.2%

13.8%

25.4%

 

5) Very Bad

7.6%

4.8%

12.2%

 

6) No Opinion/Donít know

9.3%

14.5%

0.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

14)

Tell us how do you evaluate the performance of the government headed by Salam Fayyad? Is it good or bad? 

1) Very Good

6.3%

4.8%

8.8%

 

2) Good

27.7%

28.6%

26.3%

 

3) Neither good nor bad

31.7%

31.3%

32.5%

 

4) Bad

20.9%

21.1%

20.5%

 

5) Very Bad

8.4%

8.0%

9.0%

 

6) No Opinion/Donít know

4.9%

6.2%

2.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

15)

Are you satisfied or not satisfied with the performance of Mahmud Abbas since his election as president of the PA? 

1) Very satisfied

7.2%

4.9%

11.1%

 

2) Satisfied

47.8%

54.6%

36.6%

 

3) Not satisfied

31.8%

30.0%

34.8%

 

4) Not satisfied at all

10.7%

7.6%

15.9%

 

5) DK/NA

2.4%

2.9%

1.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

16)

If new presidential elections are to take place today, and Mahmud Abbas was nominated by Fateh and Ismail Haniyeh was nominated by Hamas, whom would you vote for?  

1) Mahmoud Abbas

53.6%

52.9%

54.5%

 

2) Ismael Haniyyah

41.5%

42.4%

40.3%

 

4) DK/NA

4.9%

4.7%

5.2%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

17)

And if the competition was between Marwan Barghouti representing Fateh and Ismail Haniyeh representing Hamas, whom would you vote for? 

1) Marwan Barghouti

64.0%

63.2%

65.1%

 

2) Ismael Haniyyah

31.9%

33.1%

30.1%

 

4) DK/NA

4.1%

3.6%

4.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

19)

If new elections agreed to by all factions are held today and the same lists that took part in the last PLC elections were nominated, for whom would you vote? 

1) Alternative

1.3%

1.6%

0.9%

 

2) Independent Palestine

3.5%

3.8%

3.0%

 

3) Abu Ali Mustafa

3.6%

2.2%

5.9%

 

4) Abu al Abbas

0.1%

0.2%

0.0%

 

5) Freedom and social justice

0.2%

0.0%

0.4%

 

6) Change and reform

27.3%

27.3%

27.2%

 

7) National coalition for justice and democracy

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

 

8) Third way(headed by Salam Fayyad)

0.5%

0.5%

0.7%

 

9) Freedom and independence

1.1%

1.3%

0.9%

 

10) Palestinian justice

0.1%

0.0%

0.2%

 

11) Fateh

42.1%

39.9%

45.6%

 

12) None of the above/ DK/NA/ Do not remember

20.3%

23.3%

15.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

20 -1)

From among the following vital national goals, which in your view should the first most important one and which should be the second most important goal that the Palestinian people should strive to achieve? 

First:

1) Israeli withdrawal to the 1967 borders and the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital

44.9%

47.0%

41.4%

2) Obtain the right of return to refuges to their 1948 towns and villages

32.3%

28.4%

38.8%

 

3) Establish a democratic political system that respects freedoms and rights of Palestinians

8.4%

8.3%

8.5%

 

4) Build a pious or moral individual and a religious society, one that applies all Islamic teachings

14.4%

16.3%

11.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

20-2)

From among the following vital national goals, which in your view should the first most important one and which should be the second most important goal that the Palestinian people should strive to achieve?  

Second:

1) Israeli withdrawal to the 1967 borders and the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital

23.9%

24.3%

23.3%

 

2) Obtain the right of return to refuges to their 1948 towns and villages

40.3%

41.9%

37.5%

 

3) Establish a democratic political system that respects freedoms and rights of Palestinians

16.8%

15.6%

18.7%

 

4) Build a pious or moral individual and a religious society, one that applies all Islamic teachings

19.0%

18.2%

20.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

21)

The Palestinian society confronts today various problems, like the continuation of occupation and settlements, the spread of unemployment and poverty, the lack of national unity due to the split between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the continuation of the siege and blockade of the Gaza Strip and the closure of its border crossings, the spread of corruption in public institutions, and others. Tell us, what in your opinion, is the problem you see as the most fundamental, the one that must be on the top priority of the Palestinian Authority?

Open ended------------------------

1) Continuation of occupation and settlements,

25.0%

26.3%

22.9%

 

2) Spread of unemployment and poverty

28.1%

34.3%

17.9%

 

3) Lack of national unity due to the split between the West

22.8%

18.2%

30.3%

 

4) Continuation of the siege and blockade of the Gaza Strip and the closure of its border crossings

9.0%

3.9%

17.3%

 

5) The spread of corruption in public institutions

13.7%

15.6%

10.5%

 

6) Other

1.1%

1.2%

0.8%

 

7) DK/NA

0.3%

0.4%

0.2%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

22)

Mahmud Abbas and Khalid Misha'al have agreed in the Doha Agreement to form a reconciliation government whose mandate is to organize elections and to start Gaza rebuilding. Are you in favor or not in favor of this agreement? 

1) Certainly in favor

24.5%

19.5%

32.6%

 

2) In favor

59.7%

64.0%

52.7%

 

3) Not in favor

10.0%

10.9%

8.6%

 

4) Certainly not in favor

1.9%

1.5%

2.6%

 

5) DK/NA

3.9%

4.1%

3.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

23)

After the meeting between president Abbas and head of Hamas, Khalid Misha'al in Doha recently, and the agreement between the two sides to form a reconciliation government headed by Mahmud Abbas. In your view, will the two sides succeed this time in implementing the agreement and unifying the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in the near future?

1) Certainly yes

3.3%

2.7%

4.3%

 

2) Yes

42.2%

42.9%

41.0%

 

3) No

37.2%

38.5%

35.2%

 

4) Certainly no

11.3%

9.6%

14.1%

 

5) DK/NA

6.0%

6.3%

5.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

24)

And when do you think a reconciliation government or a government of experts will be established? 

1) Within days

2.5%

2.7%

2.2%

 

2) Within weeks

13.1%

9.4%

19.2%

 

3) After a long time

45.5%

49.1%

39.5%

 

4) It will not be established

30.9%

31.1%

30.8%

 

5) DK/NA

8.0%

7.7%

8.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

25)

Do you think presidential and parliamentary elections will take place in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip on the proposed date of May 2012 or a little after that? 

1) Certainly yes

1.8%

2.3%

1.1%

 

2) Yes

28.0%

29.9%

24.8%

 

3) No

35.7%

38.2%

31.6%

 

4) Certainly no

21.1%

17.2%

27.5%

 

5) DK/NA

13.4%

12.5%

15.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

26)

If new parliamentary and presidential elections were to take place now, who do you think will win, Fateh or Hamas or others?  

1) Fateh

40.1%

41.7%

37.4%

 

2) Hamas

23.2%

24.6%

20.8%

 

3) Others

20.0%

17.2%

24.7%

 

4) DK/NA

16.7%

16.5%

17.1%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

27)

President Abbas states that the new reconciliation government made up of technocrats will follow his and the PLO peace policies, not that of Hamas. Which peace policy do you prefer the reconciliation government should follow, that of the president and the PLO or that of Hamas?

1) Certainly Abbas and the PLO

25.6%

23.3%

29.4%

 

2) Abbas and PLO

36.2%

38.4%

32.6%

 

3) Hamas

16.9%

17.4%

16.1%

 

4) Certainly Hamas

3.3%

2.1%

5.3%

 

5) DK/NA

17.9%

18.8%

16.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

28)

Lately we have heard of public disagreements among Hamas leaders regarding the Doha agreement and Hamas' consent to the appointment of Mahmud Abbas as the prime minister of the reconciliation government. Do you think the disagreement reflects normal and marginal differences of opinion or deep and big differences?

1) Certainly normal and marginal

9.4%

8.8%

10.4%

 

2) Normal and marginal

33.8%

34.9%

32.0%

 

3) Deep and big

37.8%

40.3%

33.7%

 

4) Certainly deep and big

10.7%

8.1%

14.9%

 

5) DK/NA

8.3%

7.9%

8.9%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

29)

What in your view will happen after the formation of a reconciliation government headed by Mahmud Abbas? Will international boycott and financial sanctions return? 

1) Certainly will return

17.0%

16.5%

17.8%

 

2) Will return

40.3%

41.5%

38.4%

 

3) Will not return

26.1%

28.1%

22.8%

 

4) Certainly will not return

8.5%

7.6%

10.0%

 

5) DK/NA

8.0%

6.3%

11.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

30)

The PA confronts today a big financial deficit in its budget and soon this year it might not be able to pay salaries. Two proposed options have been offered: either to raise taxes or transfer about 25000 public sector employees to early retirement. If these were the only two choices, which one would you choose?

1) Tax increase

9.4%

10.0%

8.6%

 

2) Early retirement

29.2%

29.7%

28.5%

 

3) Both

10.9%

8.5%

14.9%

 

4) Neither

47.9%

50.4%

43.8%

 

5) DK/NA

2.5%

1.5%

4.1%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

31)

If you think there are other options to solve the financial crisis confronting the PA, which of the following you would choose? 

1) Dissolve the PA

26.7%

27.2%

25.8%

 

2) Return to negotiation in order to obtain greater donor support

52.2%

53.5%

50.1%

 

3) Other

8.4%

10.7%

4.7%

 

4) DK/NA

12.7%

8.6%

19.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

31-B)

In light of the current financial situation of the PA, the continued occupation and settlement construction, and the cessation of negotiations, do you think the PA is capable of surviving for a long time?  

1) Yes, for ten years or more

33.6%

37.6%

27.1%

 

2) Yes, for three to 10 years

26.0%

24.7%

28.0%

 

3) Yes, for a year or two

13.5%

14.2%

12.3%

 

4) May be for a year or less

15.5%

15.1%

16.2%

 

5) DK/NA

11.4%

8.4%

16.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

32)

Qatar played a big role in concluding the reconciliation agreement announced in Doha recently. Do you welcome or do not welcome the role Qatar is playing in Palestinian affairs? 

1) Certainly welcome it

17.4%

13.1%

24.3%

 

2) welcome it

51.2%

53.7%

47.2%

 

3) do not welcome it

18.8%

23.3%

11.4%

 

4) Certainly do not welcome it

8.6%

6.8%

11.5%

 

5) DK/NA

4.0%

3.0%

5.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

33)

From among the following list, whom do you think is most suitable to be Fateh' s presidential candidate in case president Abbas insisted on not nominating himself in the next presidential elections? 

1) Abu Mahir Ghnaim

1.8%

1.5%

2.2%

 

2) Mahmud Aloul

2.5%

3.3%

1.1%

 

3) Marwan Barghouti

54.6%

55.3%

53.5%

 

4) Nasir al Qidwa

2.5%

2.4%

2.8%

 

5) Salim al Za'noon

0.3%

0.3%

0.2%

 

6) Jibreel al Rojoub

1.4%

1.3%

1.5%

 

7) Saeb Erikat

3.4%

2.7%

4.5%

 

8)Azzam al Ahmad

1.3%

0.9%

2.0%

 

9) Ahmad Qurie'

2.0%

2.0%

2.0%

 

10) Others

13.9%

14.9%

12.4%

 

11) DK/NA

16.3%

15.4%

17.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

33B)

What if the list of candidates did not include Marwan Barghouti, whom would you in this case find most suitable to be Fateh's presidential candidate from among those remaining in the list?

1) Abu Mahir Ghnaim

7.2%

2.7%

14.8%

 

2) Mahmud Aloul

7.3%

11.1%

0.9%

 

4) Nasir al Qidwa

8.9%

9.8%

7.4%

 

5) Salim al Za'noon

1.8%

1.9%

1.7%

 

6) Jibreel al Rojoub

3.6%

5.3%

0.8%

 

7) Saeb Erikat

18.0%

15.6%

21.9%

 

8)Azzam al Ahmad

4.7%

3.3%

7.0%

 

9) Ahmad Qurie'

7.3%

6.0%

9.4%

 

10) Others

22.1%

26.2%

15.1%

 

11) DK/NA

19.1%

18.0%

21.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

34)

The Palestinian Authority has recently submitted corruption files to Palestinian courts. Do you think the PA is serious or not serious about fighting corruption? 

1) Certainly serious

12.0%

5.8%

22.1%

 

2) serious

40.7%

41.7%

39.1%

 

3) not serious

35.5%

41.2%

26.0%

 

4) Certainly not serious

7.6%

7.9%

7.1%

 

5) DK/NA

4.3%

3.5%

5.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

35)

Palestinian prisoner Khadir Adnan has recently declared a hunger strike in order to protest his administrative detention. The strike ended with an agreement to release him after his current detention period ends in April. Do you think this agreement is likely to speed up the process of ending the whole practice of administrative detention?

1) Certainly will speed it

11.6%

8.0%

17.5%

 

2) will speed it

45.1%

44.6%

46.0%

 

3) will not speed it

29.9%

35.4%

21.0%

 

4) Certainly will not speed it

8.6%

8.3%

9.1%

 

5) DK/NA

4.8%

3.8%

6.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

36)

Despite Israeli rejection to freeze settlement construction or accept the 1967 borders as the basis for negotiations, Palestinian-Israeli exploratory talks were conducted about two months ago in Amman under Jordanian sponsorship. Do you think the President Abbas' decision to participate in these talks was right or wrong?

1) Certainly right

4.9%

3.1%

7.9%

 

2) right

43.2%

49.1%

33.6%

 

3) wrong

32.9%

33.1%

32.5%

 

4) Certainly wrong

9.6%

6.7%

14.3%

 

5) DK/NA

9.4%

7.9%

11.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

37)

The Amman exploratory talks have been stopped, but pressure from the international Quartet is mounting on the PA to resume them. Given present conditions, do you support or oppose the resumption of the Amman exploratory talks without an Israeli commitment to return to the 67 borders and to stop construction in the settlements?

1) Certainly support

4.2%

3.7%

4.9%

 

2) Support

31.1%

34.2%

25.9%

 

3) Oppose

42.1%

45.8%

35.9%

 

4) Certainly oppose

16.1%

11.9%

23.0%

 

5) DK/NA

6.6%

4.4%

10.2%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

38)

What do you expect to happen between Palestinians and Israelis now after the exploratory talks in Amman have stopped? 

1) The two sides will return soon to negotiations

25.4%

27.3%

22.2%

 

2) The two sides will return to negotiations but some armed attacks will take place

35.7%

32.5%

41.0%

 

3) The two sides will not return to negotiations and some armed attacks will take place

18.1%

17.2%

19.7%

 

4) The two sides will not return to negotiations and there will be no armed attacks

15.8%

17.6%

12.9%

 

5) DK/NA

4.9%

5.4%

4.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

39)

Some believe that the two-state solution, an independent Palestinian state alongside the state of Israel, is no longer viable due to settlement expansion while others believe that it is still viable today as settlements can be dismantled or evacuated when an agreement is reached. What do you think?

1) Certainly the two-state solution is no longer viable

21.6%

19.2%

25.7%

 

2) The two state solution is no longer viable

36.2%

38.6%

32.3%

 

3) The two-state solution remains viable today

26.2%

28.9%

21.7%

 

4) Certainly, the two-state solution remains viable today

10.8%

9.7%

12.8%

 

5) DK/NA

5.1%

3.6%

7.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

40)

Talk has recently increased about the inevitable failure of the two state solution and the need to demand the formulation of a solution based on the establishment of one state in all Palestinian areas and Israel, one in which Arabs and Jews enjoy equality. Do you support or oppose this view?

1) Certainly support

5.3%

5.5%

4.8%

 

2) Support

30.4%

35.1%

22.8%

 

3) Oppose

41.6%

44.7%

36.5%

 

4) Certainly oppose

19.4%

12.6%

30.6%

 

5) DK/NA

3.3%

2.1%

5.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

41)

Now more than 40 years after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, what in your view are the chances for the establishment of an independent Palestinian state next to the state of Israel in the next five years? Are they high, medium, low, or none existent?

1) None existent

28.2%

30.5%

24.4%

 

2) Low

39.8%

37.6%

43.3%

 

3) Medium

26.6%

27.3%

25.5%

 

4) High

4.4%

4.1%

5.1%

 

5) DK/NA

1.0%

0.5%

1.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

42)

To what extent are you worried or not worried that you or a member of your family could be hurt by Israel in your daily life or that your land would be confiscated or home demolished? 

1) Very Worried

34.2%

30.1%

40.8%

 

2) Worried

42.0%

44.0%

38.6%

 

3) Not worried

19.0%

21.8%

14.4%

 

4) Not worried at all

4.6%

4.1%

5.5%

 

5) DK/NA

0.3%

0.0%

0.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

43)

What do you think are the aspirations of Israel for the long run?  

1) Withdrawal from the territories it occupied in 1967 after guaranteeing its security

6.5%

5.9%

7.4%

 

2) Withdrawal form part of the occupied territories after guaranteeing its security

8.6%

8.5%

8.9%

 

3) Annexation of the West Bank while denying political rights of Palestinian citizens

21.1%

18.4%

25.5%

 

4) Extending the borders of the state of Israel to cover all the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea and expelling its Arab citizens

62.3%

65.8%

56.7%

 

5) DK/NA

1.5%

1.5%

1.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

44)

According to the Saudi plan, Israel will retreat from all territories occupied in 1967 including Gaza the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, and a Palestinian state will be established. The refugees problem will be resolved through negotiation in a just and agreed upon manner and in accordance with UN resolution 194 which allows return of refugees to Israel and compensation. In return, all Arab states will recognize Israel and its right to secure borders, will sign peace treaties with her and establish normal diplomatic relations.Do you agree or disagree to this plan?

1) Certainly agree

5.7%

3.9%

8.6%

 

2) Agree

49.9%

49.0%

51.3%

 

3) Disagree

33.0%

39.4%

22.4%

 

4) Certainly Disagree

9.1%

5.4%

15.2%

 

5) DK/NA

2.3%

2.3%

2.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

45)

There is a proposal that after the establishment of an independent Palestinian state and the settlement of all issues in dispute, including the refugees and Jerusalem issues, there will be a mutual recognition of Israel as the state of the Jewish people and Palestine as the state of the Palestinians people. Do you agree or disagree to this proposal?

1) Certainly agree

2.8%

2.1%

4.0%

 

2) Agree

40.4%

39.6%

41.5%

 

3) Disagree

40.5%

46.4%

30.8%

 

4) Certainly Disagree

14.8%

10.6%

21.7%

 

5) DK/NA

1.5%

1.3%

2.0%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-1)

Now that negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis have stopped, would you support or oppose the following option in the search for achieving Palestinian rights?

Going to the Security Council to obtain a recognition of a Palestinian state

1) Certainly support

21.6%

17.3%

28.6%

 

2) Support

53.9%

60.7%

42.7%

 

3) Oppose

19.5%

19.8%

19.1%

 

4) Certainly oppose

3.9%

1.8%

7.4%

 

5) DK/NA

1.1%

0.4%

2.1%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-2)

Unilaterally declare the establishment of a Palestinian state  

1) Certainly support

12.9%

10.3%

17.1%

 

2) Support

45.8%

53.4%

33.4%

 

3) Oppose

33.5%

32.7%

34.9%

 

4) Certainly oppose

6.1%

2.0%

12.8%

 

5) DK/NA

1.7%

1.6%

1.9%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-3)

Abandon the two state solution and demand the establishment of one state for Palestinians and Israelis  

1) Certainly support

3.8%

2.8%

5.3%

 

2) Support

25.5%

29.5%

19.0%

 

3) Oppose

52.0%

58.5%

41.4%

 

4) Certainly oppose

16.6%

8.1%

30.5%

 

5) DK/NA

2.1%

1.0%

3.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-4)

Resort to popular non violent and unarmed resistance  

1) Certainly support

9.3%

6.0%

14.5%

 

2) Support

51.9%

56.2%

45.0%

 

3) Oppose

31.9%

34.8%

27.1%

 

4) Certainly oppose

6.2%

2.8%

11.7%

 

5) DK/NA

0.7%

0.2%

1.6%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-5)

Return to the armed intifada and confrontations  

1) Certainly support

10.3%

4.4%

20.1%

 

2) Support

28.7%

25.2%

34.6%

 

3) Oppose

48.8%

60.5%

29.4%

 

4) Certainly oppose

10.5%

8.8%

13.2%

 

5) DK/NA

1.7%

1.2%

2.7%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

46-6)

Dissolve the Palestinian Authority  

1) Certainly support

10.5%

8.3%

14.1%

 

2) Support

29.2%

30.8%

26.7%

 

3) Oppose

42.2%

49.0%

31.1%

 

4) Certainly oppose

14.5%

10.1%

21.8%

 

5) DK/NA

3.5%

1.8%

6.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

47)

Now after more than a year since the eruption of Arab revolts and the conduct of elections in several countries, what is your assessment of the likely impact of these revolts on the Palestinian cause? Will it be positive or negative? Or will it have no impact?

1) Certainly it will be positive

13.9%

9.8%

20.7%

 

2) It will be positive

37.2%

36.0%

39.0%

 

3) It will be negative

16.1%

19.7%

10.1%

 

4) Certainly it will be negative

5.7%

5.6%

6.0%

 

5) Will have no impact, positive or negative

24.3%

27.6%

18.9%

 

6) DK/NA

2.9%

1.3%

5.4%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

48)

Demonstrations against the Syrian regime have been taken place for about a year now demanding the fall of the regime led by Bashar al Asad. Do you find yourself supporting the demonstrators or the regime led by Asad?  

1) Certainly support the demonstrators

45.5%

38.3%

57.4%

 

2) Support the demonstrators

37.3%

41.0%

31.4%

 

3) Support the regime led by Asad

7.8%

10.1%

4.0%

 

4) Certainly support the regime led by Asad

1.1%

1.3%

0.9%

 

5) DK/NA

8.2%

9.4%

6.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

49)

In your view, which side does Hamas support? The demonstrators or the regime led by Asad?  

1) The demonstrators

41.9%

40.0%

45.1%

 

2) The regime led by Asad

22.7%

23.8%

20.8%

 

3) Both

4.7%

2.6%

8.1%

 

4) Neither

6.9%

6.8%

7.3%

 

5) DK/NA

23.8%

26.8%

18.8%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

50)

And what about Hizballah? Does it, in your view, support the demonstrators or the regime led by Asad

1) The demonstrators

27.3%

25.1%

30.9%

 

2) The regime led by Asad

44.2%

49.9%

34.8%

 

3) Both

4.2%

1.4%

8.8%

 

4) Neither

3.4%

2.9%

4.3%

 

5) DK/NA

20.9%

20.7%

21.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

51)

Some Syrian groups opposed to the regime call for foreign military intervention to bring down the Assad regime. Do you support or oppose such calls?  

1) Certainly support

13.2%

10.1%

18.3%

 

2) Support

32.6%

30.9%

35.3%

 

3) Oppose

36.6%

42.7%

26.5%

 

4) Certainly oppose

13.0%

13.4%

12.4%

 

5) DK/NA

4.6%

2.8%

7.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

52)

There is talk these days about Hamas leaders departing Syria and relocating to other places, such as Cairo, Amman, Doha, or Gaza. If it was up to you to select one of those areas as the main headquarter for Hamas, which one would you select?  

1) Cairo

17.0%

17.3%

16.4%

 

2) Amman

14.0%

13.7%

14.6%

 

3) Doha

18.7%

12.5%

28.7%

 

4) Gaza

41.4%

47.1%

32.0%

 

5) DK/NA

9.0%

9.4%

8.3%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

53)

Lately, there has been talk about an Israeli military strike against Iran's facilities, do you think that Israeli will actually carry out such strike in the coming months?  

Certainly will strike

7.1%

7.9%

5.8%

 

will strike

38.9%

39.3%

38.2%

 

will not strike

40.1%

41.9%

37.1%

 

certainly will not strike

8.0%

5.9%

11.4%

 

DK/NA

6.0%

5.0%

7.5%

 

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip